Observed National Holidays
Russian holidays present a motley picture Ч new and old, official and
unofficial, professional and private, religious and secular. All occasions
warrant a celebration. We describe here only a few principal holidays, in
The Official Holidays (Observed)
||New Year Holidays
||Christmas, Russian Orthodox
||Protector of Motherland Day
||International WomenТs Day
||Spring and Labor Day
||Victory Day (Over German Nazism in the WW2)
||Day of Russia
|| Day of the National Unity
- The New Year is first on the calendar and in popularity. Many celebrate it
twice, on January 1 and 14 (which conesponds to January 1 in the Julian
calendar, used in Russia before 1918.
- Next is February 23, Day, known until recently as Soviet Army Day,
popularly viewed as holiday for all men and closely followed by its female
counter-part, Women's Day, March 8, when women receive flowers, presents and
are toasted by men.
- Mayday, until recently officially termed International Workers' Solidarity
Day, is now known as Spring and Labour Day. On some years, it occurs on or
close to with Russian Orthodox Easter, so some people celebrate in church
while some attend customary demonstrations.
- Russia celebrates Victory Day on May 9 to commemorate the millions fallen
in World War II. Flowers and wreaths are laid on wartime graves on this day,
and veterans come out into the streets wearing their military orders and
medals. Alas, there are fewer of them with every passing year.
- June 12 is Russia's Independence Day, which commemorates the adoption in
1991 of the Declaration of Sovereignty of the Russian Federation.
- November 4 - Day of the National Unity is the newest Russian holiday.
- Church feasts have been reborn. Easter is celebrated nationwide, as of old,
and Christmas became a day off. Muslims, Jews and Buddhists also celebrate
their feasts without fear of secular authorities.